From city management to citizens’ health
Dr. Tabatabaei said: Today, cities are growing and developing from different aspects. Some of them made significant progress technologically, some in economic aspects, and some others in urban diplomacy. For instance, free Wi-Fi is available for all citizens in New York in order to people have easy access to internet services.
However, it seems that one of the features received less attention in city management is the issue of health in new cities. According to WHO, there are major inequalities in the field of healthcare in developing and developed countries. Thus, if the health issue is on the agenda in the developing countries, it can be considered as a pioneer of development.
According to the statistics, although 16 per cent of the world population live in developed countries, only 10 per cent of illnesses occur in them. However, developing countries have devoted inly 20 per cent of GDP and about 12 per cent of the world health costs.
However, the interesting thing is that the reason of many health problems and ways for preventing them is beyond the control and care of health sector in cities. City management can influence the problems directly or directly. In fact, good urban governance in the field of health tries to ensure whether opportunities, advantages, and services of health sector have been distributed widely, equally, and economically.
For example, air pollution is an urban dilemma that imposes heavy costs on the metropolises and people so that some researchers have estimated the costs more than 6.5 billion Tomans. Definitely, city managers’ decisions in this arena affect directly physical and mental health of citizens.
Therefore, it is necessary city managers pay more attention to the factor of citizens’ health more than before. All people and officials should realize that the area of city management decisions is not limited to issues such as building permits, but it can even affect their quality of life and health and this important issue has put more responsibility on the shoulders of city managers.